United States Regiments & Batteries > Maryland


The 1st Maryland Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 8 officers and 110 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 148 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

1861
Organized at Baltimore, Md. under Colonel John R. Kenly and Lieutenant Colonel Nathan T. Dushane.
May 10 Company A mustered in
May 11 Companies B and C mustered in
May 16 Company D mustered in
May 24 Moved to Relay House, Md.
May 25 Company E mustered in
May 27 Companies F, G, H, I and K mustered in at Relay House
June 6 Moved to Camp Carroll, near Baltimore
June 7 To Frederick. Attached to Defenses Upper Potomac, Dept. of the Shenandoah
July 7-10 March to Middletown and Downsville
July 23 To Williamsport
August Duty guarding fords and ferries of Upper Potomac, from Williamsport to mouth of Antietam. Attached to Gordon’s Brigade, Banks’ Division, Army of the Potomac
September 3 Action at Shepherdstown, Md. (Cos. E, G)
October 16-19 March to Darnestown
October 21-26 Operations at Conrad’s and Edwards’ Ferries
November At Darnestown
December 2 March to Frederick City
December 18 To Williamsport, Md. and guard crossing Upper Potomac:
Company A at Cherry Run
Companies B, C, E and G at Four Locks
Company F at Dam No. 5; then at Four Locks
Company H at Old Fort Frederick
Companies I and K near Fogal’s Ferry
December 17-20 Operations about Dams Nos. 4 and 5
December 25 Skirmishes at Old Fort Frederick (Co. H), Cherry Run (Co. A) and Dam No. 5 (Co. F)
1862
January 7 Forced march to Hancock, Md.
January –
February
Duty on Upper Potomac:
Companies A, B, E and G at Millstone Point
Company C at Baer’s School House
Company D at Old Fort Frederick
Company F at Four Locks,
Company H at Cherry Run
Company I at Bevan’s Hill
Company K at Licking Creek Bridge
February 1 Captain John W. Wilson of Company G was promoted to major
February 28-
March 1
March to Williamsport
March 2-12 Advance on Winchester. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps
March 5 Skirmish at Bunker Hill
March 8 and 11 Near Winchester
March 12 Occupation of Winchester
March 22-23 March to Castleman’s Ferry and return. (Company B detached at Winchester and in battle of March 23.)
March 23-25 Pursuit of Jackson to Strasburg
April 4 Assigned to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah
April 9 Reconnaissance toward Columbia Furnace
April 17-25 Pursuit of Jackson
April 22 Harrisonburg
May 1-9 March to Strasburg
May 16 Moved to Front Royal
May 16-June 17 Operations in the Shenandoah Valley
May 23
Battle of Front Royal

Jackson’s Confederate Army of the Valley launched a surprise attack which overwhelmed the greatly outnumbered garrison of the town. Despite their stout resistance most of the 1st Maryland was captured. Colonel Kenly was wounded and captured and Lieutenant Colonel Dushane was captured. Major Wilson was captured but escaped.

May 23-28 Retreat to Manassas Junction then moved to Baltimore, Md.
May 24 Middletown (Detachment)
May 25 Winchester (Detachment) Company E at Linden Station.
June Attached to Baltimore, Md., Middle Dept.
August 15 Prisoners who were captured at Front Royal were exchanged. The regiment was reorganized at Baltimore for duty there under the command of Colonel Kenly and Lieutenant Colonel Dushane.
August 22 Colonel Kenley was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Nathan Dushane was promoted to colonel and Major Wilson to lieutenant colonel.
September 18 Moved to the Antietam and attached to Maryland Brigade, Defenses Upper Potomac. Middle Dept.
September 20-21 Defense of Williamsport
September Duty between Williamsport and Hagerstown
December 11-12 Moved to Maryland Heights
1863
March Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps
April 9 At Bolivar Heights
April 30-May 1 Moved to Grafton and Clarksburg, W. Va., to repel Rebel invasion
May 1-26 Operations against Jones and Imboden
May 26 Return to Maryland Heights
June 30 Retreat to Frederick, Md., and guard bridges over the Monocacy. Attached to Maryland Brigade, French’s Division, 8th Army Corps
July 7 Recapture of Maryland Heights
July 10 Joined 1st Army Corps near Boonsboro, attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
July 10-24 Pursuit of Lee to Warrenton, Va. Colonel Dushane took command of the brigade as senior colonel.
July 12-13 Funkstown, Md.
July 25-27 At Warrenton Junction
August 4 to September 16 Duty near Rappahannock Station
September 16-18 Advance to the Rapidan
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 14 Bristoe Station
October 19 Haymarket
October 24-November 23 Guard Orange and Alexandria R. R.
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
December Near Culpeper. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps
1864
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps
April and May Veterans on furlough
May 4-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8
Laurel Hill

The Maryland Brigade lost 189 men in the attack on Laurel Hill. It is honored there by the Maryland Brigade monument.

May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 12 “Bloody Angle”
May 19
Harris Farm, Fredericksburg Road

Non-Veterans left front for muster out

May 23-26 North Anna River
May 23 Jericho Ford
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28 Non-Veterans mustered out
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12 Cold Harbor
June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 5th Army Corps
June 16-18 Before Petersburg
June 16 Siege of Petersburg begins
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)
August 18-21
Weldon Railroad

Colonel Dushane was mortally wounded by a shell fragment.

September 6 John W. Wilson was promoted to colonel.
September 29-October 2 Poplar Springs Church
October 2-5 Yellow House
October 27-28 Hatcher’s Run
November 7-8 Peeble’s Farm
December 7-12 Warren’s Raid on Weldon R. R.
1865
February 5-7
Dabney’s Mill, Hatcher’s Run

Colonel Wilson was shot in the head and killed at Dabney’s Mill

March 20 David L. Stanton was promoted to colonel.
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign.
March 29 Lewis Farm, near Gravelly Run
March 31 White Oak Road
April 1
Five Forks
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 2-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

May 1-12 March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
June Camp at Arlington Heights, Va.
July 2 Mustered out