Confederate States Army

< to June • July 1861

Commanded by Brigadier General Joseph E. Johnston

The Battle of Manassas (Bull Run) on July 21 was the first large battle of the Civil War. Joseph Johnston’s Army of the Valley from Winchester joined Beauregard’s Army of the Potomac at Manassas in time to help defeat the Federals. Johnston was the senior officer but did not assume command immediately as Beauregard knew the battlefield and the plan, but after the battle Johnston assumed command of the combined armies under the name Army of the Potomac.

First Brigade Brigadier General Thomas J. Jackson
2nd Virginia Infantry Regiment Colonel James W. Allen
4th Virginia Infantry Regiment Colonel James F. Preston
5th Virginia Infantry Regiment Colonel Kenton Harper
27th Virginia Infantry Regiment Lieutenant Colonel J. Echols
33rd Virginia Infantry Regiment Colonel Arthur C. Cummings Org. July
1st Rockbridge Artillery Captain William Nelson Pendleton
Second Brigade Colonel Francis S. Bartow (k 7/21)
7th Georgia Infantry Regiment Colonel Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell
8th Georgia Infantry Regiment Lieutenant Colonel William M. Gardener (w 7/21)
9th Georgia Infantry Regiment Colonel Edwin R. Goulding not at Manassas
11th Georgia Infantry Regiment Colonel George T. Anderson to Manassas 7/22
1st Kentucky Infantry Battalion Lieutenant Colonel H. Blanton Duncan to Manassas 7/21
2nd Kentucky Battalion Sharpshooters Major J.D. Pope to Manassas 7/21
Wise (VA) Artillery Battery Captain Ephraim G. Alburtis
First Lieutenant J. Pelham
Third Brigade Brigadier General Barnard E. Bee (mw 7/21)
4th Alabama Infantry Regiment Colonel Egbert J. Jones (mw 7/21)
Major Charles Lewis Scott (w 7/21)
Captain Thomas Goldsby
2nd Mississippi Infantry Regiment Colonel William C. Falkner
11th Mississippi Infantry Regiment Colonel William H. Moore
1st Tennessee Infantry Regiment Colonel Peter Turney
6th North Carolina Infantry Regiment Colonel C.F. Fisher arr. Winchester 7/16
Staunton (VA) Artillery Captain John D. Imboden
Fourth Brigade Colonel Arnold Elzey (to 7/21)
Brigadier General Edward Kirby Smith* (w 7/21)
Colonel Arnold Elzey (to B.G.**)
1st Maryland Infantry Lieutenant Colonel George H. Steuart
Third Tennessee Infantry Regiment Colonel John C. Vaughn
10th Virginia Infantry Regiment Colonel Simeon B. Gibbons
13th Virginia Infantry Regiment Colonel Arthur Powell Hill
Newtown Artillery First Lieutenant R.F. Beckham
Fifth Brigade Brigadier General Edward Kirby Smith* (to 7/21)
Colonel John Horace Forney
9th Alabama Infantry Regiment Colonel Cadmus M. Wilcox
10th Alabama Infantry Regiment Colonel John Horace Forney (^7/21)
Lieutenant Colonel James Martin
11th Alabama Infantry Regiment Colonel Sydenham Moore
19th Mississippi Infantry Regiment Colonel C.H. Mott
38th Virginia Infantry Regiment Colonel E.C. Edmonds
Thomas (VA) Artillery Captain P.B. Stanard
1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment Colonel J.H. Drake
Colonel James Ewell Brown Stuart
7th Virginia Cavalry Regiment Colonel Angus W. McDonald

*E. Kirby Smith’s 5th Brigade of the Army of the Shenandoah was held up by rail tranportation shortages at Piedmont station and did not make it to Manassas in time for the battle. Smith went on ahead and was given temporary command of the 4th Brigade, which had no general officer and was commanded by its senior colonel, Arnold Elzey. Smith was badly wounded during the battle and Elzey resumed command, doing such a capable job that President Davis gave him a battlefield promotion to brigadier general.