Confederate States Army


< to May • June 1862to July >

Commanded by:
Major General Gustavus Smith (6/1)
General Robert E. Lee

On June 1, 1862, General Robert E. Lee took over the army from General Joseph E. Johnston, wounded in the Battle of Seven Pines (or Glendale) on May 31, and Major General Gustavus Smith, who had taken over as Johnston’s second in command but whose health, already poor, broke down completely under the responsibility of army command.

After Seven Pines McClellan halted his advance against Richmond and dug in to defensive positions. This gave Lee several weeks to reorganize and get the feel for his new command. On June 26 Lee attacked in what would be known as the Seven Days battles, throwing McClellan back from Richmond and destroying his will to fight, if not his army.

Longstreet’s Command Major General James Longstreet
A. P. Hill’s Division Major General Ambrose Powell Hill from Unattached (below) 6/29
D.H. Hill’s Division Major General Daniel Harvey Hill from Unattached (below) 6/22
Huger’s Division Major General Benjamin Huger from Unattached (below)
Longstreet’s Division Brigadier General Richard H. Anderson  
Jackson’s Command Major General Thomas J. Jackson arrived 6/25 from Valley District
Ewell’s Division Major General Richard S. Ewell  
Jackson’s Division Major General Thomas J. Jackson  
Magruder’s Command Major General John B. Magruder
Jones’ Division Brigadier General David R. Jones  
Magruder’s Division Brigadier General Howell Cobb  
McLaws’ Division Major General Lafayette McLaws  
 
Unattached divisions
A.P. Hill’s Division Major General Ambrose Powell Hill to Longstreet’s Command (above) 6/29
Anderson’s Brigade Brigadier General J.R. Anderson  
Archer’s Brigade Brigadier General James J. Archer from Whiting’s Division 6/11
Branch’s Brigade Brigadier General L. O’Brien Branch  
Field’s Brigade Brigadier General Charles W. Field  
Gregg’s Brigade Brigadier General Maxcey Gregg  
D. H. Hill’s Division Major General Daniel Harvey Hill to Longstreet’s Command (above) 6/22
Early’s Brigade Brigadier General Jubal A. Early  
Featherston’e Brigade Brigadier General Winfield S. Featherston  
Rains’ Brigade Brigadier General Gabriel J. Rains  
Rodes’ Brigade Brigadier General Robert E. Rodes  
Holmes’ Division Major General Theophilus H. Holmes from NC
Daniel’s Brigade Colonel Junius Daniel  
Ransom’s Brigade Colonel Junius Daniel to Huger’s Division
Walker’s Brigade Brigadier General John George Walker  
Wise’s Brigade Brigadier General Henry A. Wise temp. from D.H. Hill’s Div.
Huger’s Division Major General Benjamin Huger to Longstreet’s Command (above)
Armistead’s Brigade Brigadier General Lewis A. Armistead  
Mahone’s Brigade Brigadier General William Mahone  
Ransom’s Brigade Brigadier General Robert Ransom from Holmes’ Division
Wright’s Brigade Brigadier General Ambrose R. Wright  
Brigadier General W.H.C. Whiting to Valley District 6/11
Hood’s Brigade Brigadier General John B. Hood  
Whiting’s Brigade Brigadier General W.H.C. Whiting  
Cavalry Brigade Brigadier General James E. B. Stuart  
Jefferson Davis (MS) Legion Lt. Colonel William T. Martin  
1st North Carolina Cavalry Regiment Colonel Laurence S. Baker returned from NC
1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment Colonel Fitzhugh Lee  
3rd Virginia Cavalry Regiment Colonel Thomas F. Goode  
4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment Colonel Williams C. Wickham  
5th Virginia Cavalry Regiment Colonel Thomas L. Rosser  
9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment Colonel W. H. F. Lee  
10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment Colonel James L. Davis  
Cobb’s (GA) Legion Cavalry Colonel Thomas R.R. Cobb  
Hampton Legion (SC) Cavalry Major Matthew C. Butler  
Stuart (VA) Horse Artillery Captain John Pelham  
Artillery Reserve Brigadier General William N. Pendleton
First Virginia Artillery Battalion Colonel J. Thompson Brown  
Nelson’s Artillery Battalion Major William Nelson  
Richardson’s Artillery Battalion Major Charles Richardson  
Sumter Artillery Battalion Lt. Colonel Allen S. Cutts